Greek Orthodox Community of St George to decide fate of controversial site of destroyed Belvedere building


Historic property Belvedere was devastated by fire and subsequently demolished on November 13 at Edmondstone Street, South Brisb

Historic property Belvedere was devastated by fire and subsequently demolished on November 13 at Edmondstone St, South Brisbane. Picture: Peter Wallis. Source: News Corp Australia

THE Greek Orthodox Community of St George hasn’t decided what to do with the site where a historic home stood until a devastating fire last week, despite years of fighting with the council over the property.

The heritage-listed Belvedere building had stood in Edmondstone St, South Brisbane, since 1888 before it was destroyed by fire and subsequently demolished on November 13.

Firefighters battle the fire in Edmonstone St, South Brisbane. Picture: Peter Wallis

Firefighters battle the fire in Edmonstone St, South Brisbane. Picture: Peter Wallis Source: News Corp Australia

The Greek Orthodox Community of St George had owned the property for about 30 years.

President Jim Georgiou said the community was “shocked” by what had happened, but no future plans had been made.

“We haven’t had a committee meeting. We’re in between terms and hopefully will have a new committee coming on next week, then we can start talking,” he said

“We had been planning to renovate it, architects had been employed.

“There will be a lot of discussion and whatever it is will go in front of our members.”

The Brisbane City Council refused an application in 2010 to demolish the building, which is listed on council’s Heritage Register.

The decision was appealed and was before the courts at the time of the fire.

Lord Mayor Graham Quirk said he was disappointed the Belvedere had been destroyed.

“It’s very sad news for the local community and the broader Brisbane community that this precious and historic building has been destroyed by fire,” he said.

There were reports squatters had been living in the abandoned boarding home, though no one was inside at the time of the blaze.

A Queensland Fire and Rescue Services spokeswoman said due to the intensity of the fire an investigation could not take place, and for safety reasons the building was demolished the day of the fire.

Who is going to Brazil 2014?

All the goals from the final World Cup playoffs 4:18

The final European places for the 2014 World Cup were decided on Wednesday morning, with a showdown between Cristiano Ronaldo and Zlatan Ibrahimovic the highlight of the matches.

Suarez, Rooney, Neymar, Honda and Cahill will be stars at the World Cup.

Suarez, Rooney, Neymar, Honda and Cahill will be stars at the World Cup. Source: AAP

THE line-up is complete! We now know 32 nations that will take part in next summer’s World Cup finals in Brazil.

We’ll see 13 European, five South American, five African, four North American and four Asian countries in world football’s showpiece event..

Here, the Daily Mail brings you the complete lowdown on all those who have qualified for the tournament.

Fans celebrate World Cup qualification for Brazil 2014 1:29

Football fans around the world have celebrate and commiserated as all but one of the 32 teams that will compete at the World Cup in Brazil next year were confirmed. With Uruguay and Jordan battling it out for the final spot.


FIFA Ranking: 57th

Star player: Tim Cahill – Box-to-box midfielder often converted into a striker with a good goalscoring record. Formerly of Millwall and Everton, now playing in Major League Soccer for the New York Red Bulls.

Post-game analysis: Socceroos v Costa Rica 7:10

The Fox Sports football panel dissects all the action from the Socceroos and Costa Rica clash.

H ow they got there: Rather than battling for top spot, Australia were left trying to fend off Oman for the final automatic spot which they only achieved on the final day following a late 1-0 win against Iraq coupled with Oman’s loss at Jordan. They are out of form having been defeated 6-0 by Brazil and France in recent matches – just as well the tournament is next summer.



FIFA Ranking: 5th

Star man: Eden Hazard – Quick, creative and energetic winger who has shone for Chelsea since moving to the Premier League last year.

Belgium have attacking options all over the pitch.

Belgium have attacking options all over the pitch. Source: AP

How they got there: Blessed with a generation of players that have taken Belgium from being non-qualifying material to a major European force, Marc Wilmots guided his side to top spot in Group A with a game to spare after making light work of nearest rivals Croatia. The nation’s first major tournament in 12 years may end up being their best since the class of 86 visited Mexico.


FIFA Ranking: 10th

Star man: Wayne Rooney – Bullish striker who, on top form, can be unplayable. On course to become England’s record all-time goalscorer if he continues in his current rich vein of form.

England's Wayne Rooney will be crucial to his nation's hopes.

England’s Wayne Rooney will be crucial to his nation’s hopes. Source: AFP

How they got there: While England seemed to toil through qualifying at times they never once looked on the back foot. When the chips were down they were forced to win their last two matches but they delivered in confident fashion. A nation awaits to see which star will break his metatarsal in the run-up to the finals next summer.


FIFA Ranking: 21

Star man: Franck Ribery – One of the favourites for the Ballon d’OR after a wonderful year with Bayern Munich where he won a treble – though Ribery has never quite showed that form consistently on the international stage. Watch out Brazil.

France's soccer team celebrate after defeating Ukraine.

France’s soccer team celebrate after defeating Ukraine. Source: AP

How they got there: The unlucky second seeded side to be drawn with World Cup holders Spain in their group, France were never favourites to finish top. Poor indivual performances were angering the public however, and their was a media backlash after their 2-0 defeat to Ukraine in their play-off first leg. They turned it around spectacularly though, and will be dangerous in Brazil.


FIFA Ranking: 2nd

Star man: Mesut Ozil – Arsenal star whose craft, creativity and conjuring is well known. Has seamlessly adapted to life in the Premier League since joining from Real Madrid on deadline day.

German football team take the tube to Wembley 0:47

The German national football team have found a rather unusual way to beat the London traffic before their international friendly at Wembley.

How they got there: By winning every game – aside from a moment of madness when they only drew with Sweden despite going 4-0 up. That was about as bad as it got for Low’s side as Germany typically qualified with envious ease. Germany have actually never failed in any of their qualification attempts, as the two tournaments they missed saw them fail to enter (1930) or banned (1950).


FIFA Ranking: 8th

Star man: Claudio Marchisio – Hard-hitting Juventus man has become a constant in the Italian midfield and played in every match en route to the Euro 2012 final.

How they got there: The Italians never looked in danger of failing to reach Brazil with group rivals stumbling over each other as Prandelli’s team built a commanding lead at the top of the group. Flopped as defending champions to crash out at the group stage in 2010, but a team blessed with veteran experience and youthful enthusiasm will hope to build on a runners-up finish at Euro 2012.


FIFA Ranking: 8th

Star man: Robin van Persie – Manchester United star who is one of the most clinical finishers in the world, especially in his current purple patch.

How they got there: In style. Holland bounced back from a calamitous Euro 2012, where they lost every game, to blitz Group D and finish as Europe’s top scorers – much of that was in part due to Van Persie’s unmatched 11 goals. The Dutch seemed to have learned from the shambles of the Euros last year and will target going one better than 2010’s runners-up finish in South Africa.

Portugal's forward Cristiano Ronaldo single handedly got his side into the World Cup.

Portugal’s forward Cristiano Ronaldo single handedly got his side into the World Cup. Source: AFP


FIFA Ranking: 14th

Star player: Are you having a laugh? Cristiano Ronaldo – He single-handedly dragged his side through a tricky play-off tie against Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s Sweden, and his form for Real Madrid moves to greater heights wither every week. With him in the side, you’d be brave to back anybody against them.

All the goals from the final World Cup playoffs 4:18

The final European places for the 2014 World Cup were decided on Wednesday morning, with a showdown between Cristiano Ronaldo and Zlatan Ibrahimovic the highlight of the matches.

How they got there: With difficulty. Losing out to Russia by one point at the top of Group F, Ronaldo and Co stuttered to poor results such as a draw at home with Northern Ireland and just two points from both fixtures against third-place Israel.

Consigned to a play-off with Sweden in a battle between Ronaldo and Zlatan Ibrahimovic, they relied on a hat-trick from their talisman to see them through.


FIFA Ranking: 19

Star player: Alan Dzagoev – Still just 23, the attacking midfielder has earned plenty of plaudits playing for CSKA Moscow since his youth. Russia’s new shining light after Andrei Arshavin’s downfall.

How they got there: Despite being in the same group as Cristiano Ronaldo’s Portugal, Russia always held the advantage in the group and secured top spot with relative ease. Manager Fabio Capello of course did a similar trick with England to comfortably guide them to South Africa, but we will need little reminding of how badly that adventure ended…

Spain national football team's midfielder Andres Iniesta.

Spain national football team’s midfielder Andres Iniesta. Source: AFP


FIFA Ranking: 1

Star man: Andres Iniesta – Scorer of the winning goal at the last World Cup and the jewel in Spain’s and Barcelona’s sides. Forms a magnificent ‘tiki-taka’ relationship with Xavi in midfield.

Spain humbled by South Africa 1:04

It will go down as one of the all-time upsets in world football, and an unhappy return to South Africa for World Champions Spain, who were humbled 1-0 by the hosts in Johannesburg.

How they got there: Paired in a tough group that contained France, top-spot was always going to come down to the two clashes between Spain and the 1998 champions. As it was it was the current holders that edged the head-to-head record and finish in an automatic qualifying spot, as they attempt to become the first European side to lift the World Cup on South American soil.


FIFA Ranking: 7

Star man: Xherdan Shaqiri – Despite battling with wingers Franck Ribery and Arjen Robben for places at Bayern Munich the 22-year-old has managed to impress and will be a key man for Switzerland.

How they got there: The Swiss were given a boost before the qualifying games had even begun as the top seed place in their group was taken by a Norway team who have gone on to struggle. With Slovenia the second seeds, Hitzfeld’s team have taken advantage of one of Europe’s weaker groups but there is exciting talent within the squad such as Shaqiri and Valentin Stocker.

Weird and wonderful football 2:11

The international break did little to slow down the number of controversial, superb and downright wacky moments in the world of football.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

FIFA Ranking: 16th

Star man: Edin Dzeko – Manchester City striker who has an excellent international scoring record of 33 goals in 58 games.

How they got there: Bosnia and Greece were by far the runaway teams in Group G and such was their dominance, Bosnia still needed to win on the final day despite dropping points in just two qualifiers throughout the campaign. Huge celebrations greeted their first ever qualification for a major tournament but it remains to be seen how Dzeko and his team-mate cope in Brazil.


FIFA Ranking: 18

Star player: Luka Modric – Real Madrid splashed out big bucks on the Tottenham midfielder in 2012 and despite an indifferent first season, he is now shining for both club and country once again.

 Mario Mandzukic of Croatia celebrates qualification with team mate Luka Modric.

Mario Mandzukic of Croatia celebrates qualification with team mate Luka Modric. Source: Getty Images

How they got there: Drawn in one of the tougher groups of qualifying with Belgium and Serbia, as well as home nations Scotland and Wales, Croatia can pat themselves on the back for managing to come second. Although they may not have caught the dominant Belgians anyway, a double defeat to Scotland didn’t help their chances. Defeated relative minnows Iceland in the play-offs.


FIFA Ranking: 15th

Star player: Sokratis Papastathopoulos – The 6 foot 1 rock-solid centre half has been impressing Bundesliga watchers for some time, so much so that Borussia Dortmund snapped him up from Wolfsburg in the summer. Just don’t get his name on the back of your shirt…

How they got there: Missing out on automatic qualification on mere goal difference as Bosnia topped Group G, Greece relied on toppling Romania 4-2 in the play-offs.



FIFA Ranking: 11th

Star player: Neymar – The 21-year-old has adapted seamlessly to life in European football with Barcelona and will become the best in the world in a few years.

How they got there: As host nation they booked their place at the tournament six years ago when Brazil were awarded the tournament. There is huge pressure on Brazil, where anything less than a record sixth victory will be seen as a national disaster alongside the infamous team that crashed on home soil to lose the 1950 final to Uruguay.


FIFA Ranking: 3rd

Star player: Lionel Messi – Widely considered the most gifted player in the world and rightly so. His record of 37 international goals in 83 matches pales into insignificance in comparison to his historic scoring feats and honours roll with Barcelona.

Lionel Messi will carry Argentina's hopes in Brazil.

Lionel Messi will carry Argentina’s hopes in Brazil. Source: AP

How they got there: Without Brazil’s presence, Argentina were billed to be the runaway leaders in South America and they didn’t fail to disappoint as Messi’s goals ensured they easily navigated their way to an 11th consecutive appearance. Messi failed to deliver in South Africa, but can he finally star on the biggest stage and end Argentina’s 28-year wait to win a third World Cup?


FIFA Ranking: 12th

Star player: Alexis Sanchez – Exciting winger/forward who epitomises that vibrant Chilean style. The Barcelona man scored twice against England in last week’s friendly.

Chile's Alexis Sanchez.

Chile’s Alexis Sanchez. Source: AP

H ow they got there: Chile were not made to regret throwing away a 3-0 lead against Colombia – they eventually drew 3-3 – and sealed victory against Ecuador in the final qualifier to secure third place and their place in Brazil.


FIFA Ranking: 4th

Star player: Radamel Falcao – One of the deadliest strikers in the world, currently playing for Monaco following a big money move from Atletico in the summer.

Colombian's forward Radamel Falcao is deadly.

Colombian’s forward Radamel Falcao is deadly. Source: AFP

How they got there: We haven’t seen Colombia since David Beckham’s free-kick past Faryd Mondragon (still part of the squad at 42) helped dump them out of France 98. But having trailed a distant second behind Argentina for much of the campaign, Colombia are back and this time it will be the feet of Falcao rather than the hair of Carlos Valderrama which will do the talking.


FIFA Ranking: 22nd

Star player: Edison Mendez – Vastly experienced midfielder who has been in the squad since 2000 and will probably have his swansong at this tournament.

How they got there: A vital 1-0 win over Uruguay in their penultimate game effectively sealed Ecuador’s place in their third finals in four World Cups. That they lost 2-1 in Santiago proved an irrelevance as they grabbed the fourth and final automatic spot ahead of Uruguay – who beat Argentina 3-2 in Montevideo – on goal difference.


FIFA Ranking: 6th

Star player: Luis Suarez – Currently among the world’s best strikers, Suarez has been tormenting the Premier League’s best defenders this season for Liverpool, and is a definite contender for player of the tournament if Uruguay go deep in 2014.

How they got there: To be frank, they’ve done it the hard way. A team with Uruguay’s galaxy of stars should have locked their spot away months ago. Instead, a nation with a rich World Cup history was the very last of the 32 teams to qualify after thrashing Jordan in a two-legged sudden death playoff.

Luis Suarez dribbles past a Jordan' defender. Khalil Mazraawi

Luis Suarez dribbles past a Jordan’ defender. Khalil Mazraawi Source: AFP



FIFA Ranking: 24th

Star man: Javier Hernandez – Manchester United goal poacher with an excellent international scoring ratio of 35 goals in 57.

All Whites World Cup dream is over after loss to Mexico 0:51

Mexico qualified for their sixth successive World Cup on Wednesday with a 4-2 victory in the second leg of their intercontinental play-off against New Zealand, for a 9-3 aggregate win.

How they got there: Having negotiated the initial qualifying group with a 100 per cent record, Mexico made hard work of the final phase, losing to Honduras at home and Costa Rica and the United States on the road. Having scraped in to to the play-off round, they made light work of New Zealand, winning 5-1 at home and 4-2 away.

United States

FIFA Ranking: 13

Star player: Jozy Altidore – Hasn’t impressed in his spells in England with Hull City and Sunderland, but a nailed-on striker for USA, scoring 21 times in 65 appearances.

How they got there: After starting slowly in ‘the Hex’, Klinsmann’s side soon found their winning rhythm to hit top spot in the group before a win over Mexico last month confirmed a seventh straight World Cup appearance. The last 10 years have seen players gain bucket loads of experience from playing in Europe and it’s seeing big gains in the squad strength.

Costa Rica

FIFA Rankings: 31st

Manager: Jorge Luis Pinto – In his second spell in charge of Costa Rica, Pinto has done better in this qualification campaign than he did in the last one with Colombia.

Star player: Bryan Ruiz – The Fulham forward is Costa Rica’s captain and chipped in with three goals during the qualifying phase.

How they got there: Despite conceding a last-minute equaliser in Jamaica in September, it was smiles all round as the draw in Kingston was enough to see Costa Rica qualify in surprisingly comfortable circumstances. Fulham forward Bryan Ruiz has the ability to compete on the global stage but reaching the last 16 like in 1990 will prove a tough ask for Pinto’s team.


FIFA Ranking: 34th

Star player: Wilson Palacios – Defensive midfielder heading to his second World Cup. Well known to English football fans having played for Birmingham, Wigan, Tottenham and Stoke.

How they got there: Honduras have undergone several changes since South Africa, but pulled it all together in time to enjoy a successful qualifying campaign, finally sealing their place with a 2-2 draw against Jamaica in the final match.



FIFA Ranking: 32

Star player: Sofiane Feghouli – Algeria have been crying out for a star for many years, and they may have it in the Valencia winger, impressing the Giants in La Liga despite his side’s lowly position.

How they got there: Comfortably qualifying from Group H in qualifying, Algeria – famously holding England at the 2010 World Cup – looked certain for 2014 when they drew Burkina Faso in their play-off match. Things weren’t that easy, however, as Burkina Faso won the first-leg 3-2. The homeside turned it around in the return leg, beating the underdogs 1-0 to progress on away goals.


FIFA Ranking: 59th

Star man: Samuel Eto’o – team captain, Cameroon’s record appearance holder with 112 caps and all-time leading goalscorer with 55.

Cameroon striker Samuel Eto'o has been on form for Chelsea.

Cameroon striker Samuel Eto’o has been on form for Chelsea. Source: AFP

How they got there: The Indomitable Lions won a group featuring Libya, Congo DR and Togo before overcoming Tunisia 4-1 on aggregate in the final play-off round. They received a stroke of good fortune in the group when Togo were forced to forfeit their 2-0 win in June after fielding an ineligible player.


FIFA Ranking: 23

Star player: Kevin-Prince Boateng – A rare African playmaker, possessing a mix of great skills and raw speed and power, Boateng has become a national jewel despite his German roots.

How they got there: Easily. Ghana progressed from their group in style, despite an early loss to Zambia, and carried on their goalscoring feats in their play-off, too. Egypt, one of the top teams in Africa by all means, were thrashed 6-1 in the first leg, all-but-securing one of the stars of South Africa’s World Cup place.

Ivory Coast

FIFA Ranking: 17th

Star man: Didier Drogba – Linchpin striker of the side who will have surpassed a century of caps by the time of the tournament – he has a remarkable 62 goals for his country.

H ow they got there: The Ivory Coast initially topped a group containing Morocco, Tanzania and Gambia, before seeing off Senegal 4-2 on aggregate in a tough play-off tie.


Fifa ranking: 33rd

Star man: Victor Moses – Capped for England at youth levels, the Liverpool winger – on-loan from Chelsea – chose to represent the nation of his birth. Scored in Nigeria’s play-off win against Ethiopia.

How they got there: Nigeria were undefeated in their group containing Malawi, Kenya and Namibia, before comprehensively seeing off Ethiopia 4-1 on aggregate in their play-off.



FIFA Ranking: 44th

Star player: Keisuke Honda – The motor of the Japanese team, known for his dribbling and set-piece ability. Currently plays for CSKA Moscow but has already agreed to join AC Milan in the New Year.

Japan's midfielder Keisuke Honda (L) celebrates.

Japan’s midfielder Keisuke Honda (L) celebrates. Source: AFP

How they got there: Now part of the World Cup furniture after reaching their first tournament at France 98. Japan were the first side to qualify (outside the hosts) for Brazil 2014 in June as they comfortably topped Asia’s Group B. The squad is talented, too. Shinji Kagawa may not be featuring much for Manchester United but keep an eye out for CSKA Moscow’s midfield genius, Honda.


FIFA Ranking: 49th

Star player: Ashkan Dejagah – Winger who played for Germany’s youth sides before opting for the country of his birth. Plays for Fulham in the Premier League.

How they got there: Surprisingly topped Group A after winning at South Korea on the final match day. Despite winning the group there isn’t much to suggest that former Manchester United assistant Queiroz can guide them past the group stage for the first time. Skipper, Javad Nekounam has the experience but Fulham’s Ashkan Dejagah is best suited to deal with the quality they will face in Brazil.

South Korea

FIFA Ranking: 56

Star player: Ki Sung-yueng – The Swansea midfielder on-loan at Sunderland may not have lit up the Premier League but he is an ever-present for South Korea, playing 53 times at the age of just 24.

How they got there: Survived a late scare on the final matchday of the group stage to qualify as only a narrowly superior goal difference saved them from being bumped into the play-offs by Uzbekistan following a 1-0 home defeat to Iran. It will be their eighth consecutive finals but only twice have they got beyond the group stage.

World University Rankings 2013-2014

Source: Times Higher Education

WHERE Australian institutions ranked in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings this year.

2013-14 rank 2012-13 rank Institution
1 34 28 Melbourne
2 48 37 ANU
3 63 65 UQ
4 72 62 Sydney
5 91 99 Monash
6 114 85 UNSW
7 168 190 UWA
8 201-225 176 Adelaide
9 251-275 276-300 Newcastle
10 276-300 251-275 Macquarie
11 276-300 251-275 QUT
12 276-300 301-350 Wollongong



Rank Institution Location Overall score change criteria
1 California Institute of Technology United States
2 Harvard University United States
2 University of Oxford United Kingdom
4 Stanford University United States
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
6 Princeton University United States
7 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
8 University of California, Berkeley United States
9 University of Chicago United States
10 Imperial College London United Kingdom
11 Yale University United States
12 University of California, Los Angeles United States
13 Columbia University United States
14 ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich Switzerland
15 Johns Hopkins University United States
16 University of Pennsylvania United States
17 Duke University United States
18 University of Michigan United States
19 Cornell University United States
20 University of Toronto Canada
21 University College London United Kingdom
22 Northwestern University United States
23 The University of Tokyo Japan
24 Carnegie Mellon University United States
25 University of Washington United States
26 National University of Singapore Singapore
27 University of Texas at Austin United States
28 Georgia Institute of Technology United States
29 University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign United States
30 University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
31 University of British Columbia Canada
32 London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom
33 University of California, Santa Barbara United States
34 University of Melbourne Australia
35 McGill University Canada
36 Karolinska Institute Sweden
37 École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland
38 King’s College London United Kingdom
39 University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
40 New York University United States
40 University of California, San Diego United States
42 Washington University in St Louis United States
43 The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
44 Seoul National University Republic of Korea
45 Peking University China
46 University of Minnesota United States
47 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States
48 Australian National University Australia
49 Pennsylvania State University United States
50 Tsinghua University China
50 Boston University United States
52 Kyoto University Japan
52 Brown University United States
52 University of California, Davis United States
55 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Germany
56 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Republic of Korea
57 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong
58 University of Manchester United Kingdom
59 Ohio State University United States
60 Pohang University of Science and Technology Republic of Korea
61 KU Leuven Belgium
62 Purdue University United States
63 Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Germany
63 University of Queensland Australia Australia
65 Rice University United States
65 École Normale Supérieure France
67 Leiden University Netherlands
68 Universität Heidelberg Germany
69 Delft University of Technology Netherlands
70 University of Southern California United States
70 École Polytechnique France
72 University of Sydney Australia
73 Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
74 Universität Basel Switzerland
74 Utrecht University Netherlands
76 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
77 Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands
78 University of Pittsburgh United States
79 University of Bristol United Kingdom
80 Emory University United States
80 Durham University United Kingdom
80 Tufts University United States
83 University of Amsterdam Netherlands
83 Michigan State University United States
85 Ghent University Belgium
86 Freie Universität Berlin Germany
87 Technische Universität München Germany
88 Case Western Reserve University United States
88 Vanderbilt University United States
90 University of Notre Dame United States
91 Monash University Australia
92 McMaster University Canada
93 University of California, Irvine United States
94 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Germany
95 University of Rochester United States
96 Université Pierre et Marie Curie France
97 University of Colorado Boulder United States
98 University of Groningen Netherlands
98 Maastricht University Netherlands
100 University of Helsinki Finland
100 University of York United Kingdom
102 Royal Holloway, University of London United Kingdom
103 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey United States
103 Stockholm University Sweden
103 University of Arizona United States
106 University of Montreal Canada
106 Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
108 University of Maryland, College Park United States
109 Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
109 University of Alberta Canada
111 Uppsala University Sweden
112 University of Virginia United States
112 University of Sheffield United Kingdom
114 University of New South Wales Australia
114 Université Paris-Sud France
114 Queen Mary, University of London United Kingdom
117 KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
117 University of St Andrews United Kingdom
117 Technical University of Denmark Denmark
117 University of Glasgow United Kingdom
121 University of Sussex United Kingdom
121 University of Zürich Switzerland
123 Lund University Sweden
124 University of Geneva Switzerland
125 Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan
126 Dartmouth College United States
126 University of Cape Town South Africa
128 University of Florida United States
129 RWTH Aachen University Germany
129 Trinity College Dublin Republic of Ireland
131 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
132 Université de Lausanne Switzerland
132 Indiana University United States
132 University of Massachusetts United States
135 Boston College United States
136 University of California, Santa Cruz United States
137 Lancaster University United Kingdom
138 Aarhus University Denmark
139 University of Leeds United Kingdom
139 Colorado School of Mines United States
141 University of Warwick United Kingdom
142 National Taiwan University Taiwan
143 University of Utah United States
144 Osaka University Japan
144 VU University Amsterdam Netherlands
146 University of Southampton United Kingdom
146 Arizona State University United States
148 University of Exeter United Kingdom
148 University of California, Riverside United States
150 Tohoku University Japan
150 University of Copenhagen Denmark
152 Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg Germany
153 University of Birmingham United Kingdom
154 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
155 Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble France
156 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon France
157 University of Bern Switzerland
157 University of Nottingham United Kingdom
159 Texas A&M University United States
160 Georgetown University United States
161 University of Iowa United States
161 University College Dublin Republic of Ireland
161 University of Leicester United Kingdom
164 University of Antwerp Belgium
164 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
164 Brandeis University United States
164 University of Auckland New Zealand
168 University of Western Australia Australia
169 University of Liverpool United Kingdom
170 University of Twente Netherlands
170 University of Vienna Austria
172 Yeshiva University United States
172 Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
174 University of Delaware United States
174 University of East Anglia United Kingdom
176 University at Buffalo United States
176 Université Libre de Bruxelles Belgium
178 Université Paris Diderot – Paris 7 France
178 Stony Brook University United States
180 Wake Forest University United States
181 Universität Bonn Germany
181 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute United States
183 Iowa State University United States
184 Northeastern University United States
185 University of Oslo Norway
185 University of Miami United States
185 University of Ottawa Canada
188 University of Aberdeen United Kingdom
188 The University of Texas at Dallas United States
190 Yonsei University Republic of Korea
191 Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel
191 University of Illinois at Chicago United States
193 Mines ParisTech France
194 University of Reading United Kingdom
194 George Washington University United States
196 University of Dundee United Kingdom
197 Florida Institute of Technology United States
198 Newcastle University United Kingdom
199 Boğaziçi University Turkey
199 Tel Aviv University Israel

Ancient Greek gears: the mystery of the first computer


That’s Maths: A mechanical device first discovered underwater in 1900 shows how advanced the Greeks were

A reconstruction of Antikythera Mechanism in Athens. Photograph: Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP/Getty ImagesA reconstruction of Antikythera Mechanism in Athens. Photograph: Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP/Getty Images

Two storms, separated by 2,000 years, resulted in the loss and recovery of one of the most amazing mechanical devices made in the ancient world.

The first storm, around 65 BC, wrecked a Roman vessel taking home loot from Asia Minor. The ship went down near the island of Antikythera, between the Greek mainland and Crete. The second storm, in 1900, forced some sponge divers to shelter near the island, where they discovered the wreck.

This led to the first major underwater archeological expedition. In addition to sculptures and other art works, an amorphous lump of bronze, later described as the Antikythera Mechanism, was found.

On examination, the bronze lump turned out to be a complex assemblage of gears, a mechanical device previously unknown in Greek civilisation. Inscribed signs of the Zodiac suggested that it was probably for astronomical rather than navigation purposes.

Several techniques were used to establish that the AM is about 2,000 years old. Carbon dating of the ship’s timber put it at about 200 BC, but the wreck could have been many decades later.

The style of amphora jars found on board implied a date between 86 BC and 60 BC. Coins found in the wreckage allowed this to be pinned down to about 65 BC.

The inscriptions on the mechanism link it to Corinth and thence to its colony at Syracuse, where Archimedes flourished. This gives an intriguing possibility that the AM was in a mechanical tradition inspired by Archimedes.

The mechanism was driven by a handle that turned a linked system of more than 30 gear wheels. Using modern imaging techniques, it is possible to count the teeth on the wheels, see which cog meshes with which and what are the gear ratios. These ratios enable us to figure out what the mechanism was computing.

The gears were coupled to pointers on the front and back of the mechanism, showing the positions of the sun, moon and planets as they moved through the zodiac. An extendable arm with a pin followed a spiral groove, like a record player stylus. A small sphere, half white and half black, indicated the phase of the moon.

Even more impressive was the prediction of solar and lunar eclipses. It was known to the Babylonians that if a lunar eclipse is observed, a similar event occurs 223 full moons later. This period of about 19 years is known as the Saros cycle. It required complex mathematical reasoning and technology to implement the cycle in the mechanism.

The mechanism could provide accurate predictions of eclipses several decades ahead. Derek de Solla Price, who analysed it in the 1960s, said the discovery was like finding an internal combustion engine in Tutankhamen’s tomb.

The Antikythera mechanism has revolutionised our thinking about the scientific legacy of the Greeks. It is like modern clockwork, but clocks were invented in medieval Europe. It shows that the Greeks came close to our technology. Had the Romans not taken charge, we might today be far in advance of our current level of technology.

All the gear ratios are now understood; there was even a dial to indicate which of the pan-Hellenic games would take place each year, with the Olympics occurring every fourth year. Just one small cog remains a mystery. Research is continuing, and more remains to be discovered about this amazing high-tech device.

The world’s fastest and tallest waterslide looks as scary as it sounds


It's a steep decline. Picture: Supplied

It’s a steep decline. Picture: Supplied Source: NewsComAu

IT WILL allegedly be the highest and fastest waterslide … in the world. Will you take the ride of your life?

Appropriately called ‘The Verrückt’ (which means insane in German) Meg-A-Blaster, the slide (or supported fall) is due to open May 23 next year in the Schlitterbahn Kansas City Waterpark in America.

The Schlitterbahn Kansas City Waterpark states: “Are you Insane? The new Meg-a-Blaster speed-slide combines the best elements of Schlitterbahn’s patented Master Blaster™ technology with the insane drops of a speed slide. This new category of attraction will shatter all existing records and tower over the current record holder.”

New photos on the company’s blog who the project’s progress, and it’s already evident that this won’t be a ride for the faint hearted.


Waterside or supported fall? Picture: Supplied

Waterside or supported fall? Picture: Supplied Source: NewsComAu

Schlitterbahn co-owner and designer of the slide, Jeff Henry, won’t reveal the statistics we all want to know just yet – that is exactly how high and how fast will the slide will be – but he did say, “Our greatest challenge will be to find thrill seekers brave enough to ride.”

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