Αυτοί είναι οι υποψήφιοι για τη Eurovision 2018

Κεκλεισμένων των θυρών -χωρίς κοινό και φαν του διαγωνισμού- θα πραγματοποιηθεί την Παρασκευή 16 Φεβρουαρίου, σε στούντιο της ΕΡΤ, ο «εθνικός τελικός» για τον 63ο Διαγωνισμό της Eurovision.

Αυτή την περίοδο ετοιμάζεται το ψηφιακό πλατό στα κτίρια της δημόσιας τηλεόρασης στην Κατεχάκη, όπου θα φιλοξενηθούν οι τρεις υποψήφιες συμμετοχές (Χοροσταλίτες, Γιάννα Τερζή, Αρετή Κετιμέ), που θα διαγωνιστούν για να αποφασιστεί ποια θα εκπροσωπήσει τη χώρα μας στον μουσικό διαγωνισμό, ο οποίος θα διεξαχθεί στις 12 Μαΐου στη Λισαβόνα.

Ωστόσο, είναι άξιο απορίας γιατί η δημόσια τηλεόραση, χωρίς λόγο και αιτία, συνεχίζει να υποβαθμίζει ίσως το μοναδικό αποδεδειγμένα εμπορικό τηλεοπτικό οπτικοακουστικό προϊόν της, το οποίο για κάποιους μπορεί να είναι ακόμη ένα μουσικό «πανηγυράκι» με γεωπολιτικές στρατηγικές, αλλά το παρακολουθούν εκατομμύρια τηλεθεατές στην Ευρώπη.

Αυτό το «πανηγυράκι», όμως, θα μπορούσε να τους απαντήσει κανείς ότι αποδεδειγμένα, φέρνει υψηλότατα νούμερα τηλεθέασης και γεμίζει τα ταμεία της ΕΡΤ από τον… καταιγισμό των διαφημίσεων, πέραν του ότι αυτό το διάστημα -του ελληνικού τελικού και του ημιτελικού και τελικού της Eurovision- η ΕΡΤ μπαίνει και πάλι στο τηλεκοντρόλ μας και γίνεται η αφορμή για να συγκεντρωθούν παρέες σε σπίτια.

Εστω και με αρκετή καθυστέρηση, λοιπόν, η δημόσια τηλεόραση ετοιμάζεται για τον ελληνικό τελικό, κατά τον οποίο θα αποφασίσει το τηλεοπτικό κοινό το τραγούδι που θα εκπροσωπήσει τη χώρα μας στον φετινό διαγωνισμό της Eurovision. Η βραδιά θα μεταδοθεί ζωντανά από την ΕΡΤ1, αλλά η παρουσίαση των τριών υποψήφιων τραγουδιών σε βίντεο θα έχει μαγνητοσκοπηθεί λίγες ημέρες νωρίτερα.

Συνεργασία

Μάλιστα, σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες, την επόμενη βδομάδα θα γίνει και η συνάντηση των τριών δισκογραφικών εταιριών με τη δημόσια τηλεόραση, για να καθοριστεί το νομικό πλαίσιο συνεργασίας προκειμένου να συμμετάσχουν στον ελληνικό τελικό.

Βασικό σημείο της συνεργασίας για το εισιτήριο προς τη Λισαβόνα είναι να μπορεί να αντεπεξέλθει η δισκογραφική εταιρία στο κόστος -περίπου 100.000 ευρώ- και να μη χρεωθεί η ΕΡΤ την όλη περιοδεία!

Τα τραγούδια που έχουν πάρει την έγκριση από την οργανωτική επιτροπή της ΕΡΤ είναι με αλφαβητική σειρά, βάσει τίτλου, τα εξής: «Από τη Θράκη έως την Κρήτη» από το μουσικό συγκρότημα Χοροσταλίτες (Spider Music), «Μην ξεχνάς τον ήλιο» από την Αρετή Κετιμέ (Spicy Μusic) και «Το όνειρό μου» με τη Γιάννα Τερζή (Panik Entertaiment Group). Τα στελέχη των δισκογραφικών εταιριών θεωρούν ότι πάνε στη Λισαβόνα με αξιώσεις! Η Αρετή Κετιμέ ήταν η πρώτη που έθεσε υποψηφιότητα και θα ταξιδέψει μελωδικά το κοινό με ένα τραγούδι αμανέ για την προσφυγιά.

Το τραγούδι του συγκροτήματος Χοροσταλίτες δεν έχει απλώς ελληνικό στίχo ή ελληνικό ηχόχρωμα, είναι ένα μουσικό οδοιπορικό στην παράδοσή μας, από τη μία άκρη της Ελλάδας έως την άλλη, ενώ η συμμετοχή της Γιάννας Τερζή, αν και της τελευταίας στιγμής, εξέπληξε όλους ευχάριστα.

Ο φετινός διαγωνισμός θα διεξαχθεί στο Meo Arena της Λισαβόνας, μετά τη νίκη του ταλαντούχου Πορτογάλου Σαλβαντόρ Σομπράλ, με το τραγούδι «Amar Pelos Dois», που έφερε τον διαγωνισμό στη χώρα του.

Οι δύο ημιτελικοί και ο τελικός θα διεξαχθούν στις 8, 10 και 12 Μαΐου, αντίστοιχα, στην πορτογαλική πρωτεύουσα.

Ψυχοσάββατα για το 2018

Αντίστοιχα, για το 2018 το πρώτο ψυχοσάββατο πέφτει νωρίτερα, στις 10 Φεβρουαρίου 2018 και 17 Φεβρουαρίου 2018 και 24 Φεβρουαρίου 2018 και το δεύτερο πέφτει στις 26 Μαΐου 2018.

Πέρα όμως από τα επίσημα ψυχοσάββατα, κατά περιοχές υπάρχουν κι άλλα Σάββατα που αφιερώνονται στη μνήμη των νεκρών, όπως για παράδειγμα το Σάββατο πριν τη γιορτή του Αγ. Δημητρίου στη Θεσσαλονίκη.

Επίσης στην Αθήνα έχουν ακόμη δύο ψυχοσάββατα. Το Σάββατο της Τυρινής και το Σάββατο της πρώτης εβδομάδος των Νηστειών, που είναι γνωστό και σαν Ψυχοσάββατο των Αγίων Θεοδώρων.

Remains of ancient mosaic from a Georgian church found in Israel

Incredibly well-preserved remains of a 1,500-year-old Christian mosaic are uncovered in the ruins of an ancient monastery in Israel.

The tessellated tile work was uncovered in the coastal city of Ashdod.

It features a four line inscription in Greek commemorating a Christian Bishop.

It also includes the date of its construction according to the Georgian calendar.

This is the first evidence of its use in Israel and corresponds with 539 AD.

Source: NewsLive

Important ancient inscription unearthed near the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem

A 1,500 year old mosaic floor, with a Greek inscription, was discovered this summer following groundwork for Partner communications cable infrastructures near the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem.

David Gellman, the director of the excavation on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority said, “The fact that the inscription survived is an archaeological miracle. The excavation in a relatively small area, exposed ancient remains that were severely damaged by infrastructure groundwork over the last few decades. We were about to close the excavation, when all of a sudden, a corner of the mosaic inscription peeked out between the pipes and cables. Amazingly, it had not been damaged. Every archaeologist dreams of finding an inscription in their excavations, especially one so well preserved and almost entirely intact.”

Dr. Leah Di Segni, of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, the expert on ancient Greek inscriptions, deciphered the inscription. The inscription reads, “In the time of our most pious emperor Flavius Justinian, also this entire building Constantine the most God-loving priest and abbot, established and raised, in the 14th indiction”. According to Di Segni, “This inscription commemorates the founding of the building by Constantine, the priest. The inscription names the emperor Flavius Justinian. It seems that the building was used as a hostel for pilgrims.” Di Segni added, “‘Indiction’ is an ancient method of counting years, for taxation purposes. Based on historical sources, the mosaic can be dated to the year 550/551 AD.”

According to Gellman, “The Damascus Gate served for hundreds of years as the main northern entrance to Jerusalem. Knowing that, it is no surprise that this area is rich with archaeological remains. In the Byzantine period, with the emergence of Christianity, churches, monasteries and hostels for pilgrims were built in the area north of the gate, and the area became one of the most important and active areas of the city.”

The two people mentioned in the inscription are well known from both ancient historical sources and archaeological finds. The emperor Flavius Justinian was one the most important rulers of the Byzantine period, and was one of the most colorful and charismatic rulers of antiquity. Under his reign, the Roman empire was at its strongest, and its conversion to Christianity was completed. In the year 543 AD he established a

large church in Jerusalem, dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, known as The Nea Church. This was the largest church built in Jerusalem and one of the largest in the entire empire. The abbot of the church was Constantine, whose name appears in the inscription discovered recently near the Damascus gate. Remains of this church were partially excavated in 1970, in the Jewish quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, even then sparking interest among archaeologists and scholars of Jerusalem, throughout Israel and across the globe. This excavation was a part of the Jewish quarter excavations carried out immediately following the Six Day War in 1967.

According to Di Segni, the inscription found near the Damascus gate is fairly similar to an inscription found in the vaults of the Nea Church, currently exhibited in the Israel museum. The same two people are mentioned in the inscription, the emperor Justinian and the abbot Constantine. Di Segni adds, “This new inscription helps us understand Justinian’s building projects in Jerusalem, especially the Nea Church. The rare combination of archaeological finds and historical sources, woven together, is incredible to witness, and they throw important light on Jerusalem’s past.”

The new but ancient inscription was removed from its site by the conservation experts of the Israel Antiquities Authority, and is being treated in the IAA ‘s mosaic workshop in Jerusalem.

What really comes out of an airplane? Contrails, not chemtrails.

Chem-trails on the Discovery Channel part 1 of 3



The Discovery Channel explains in depth the on going mystery and debate over the chemtrail conspiracies.

It’s tough to go outside nowadays without seeing scores of lines in the skies. They trail behind airplanes, forming by the dozen in regimes of heavy air traffic. Some spread out into a wispy veil that blankets the sky, whereas others linger for what seems like a very long time.

Controversy has prompted speculation that these aircraft-chasing clouds may be a harmful mixture of chemicals sprayed to influence humans behavior and to modify the weather, sometimes referred to as “chemtrails.” But is there any truth to this theory?

Nope. Not a bit. Period. No need to don a tinfoil hat!

“Contrails,” as the lines are aptly called, are a man-made cloud that forms under otherwise ordinary environmental conditions. The underlying physical processes are the same as in cases involving any other clouds; the only difference is what mechanism starts them forming.

High up in the atmosphere, where aircraft fly, temperatures can fall well below freezing even on a warm summer’s day. Generally, there is little water vapor present this far aloft, since air’s ability to hold moisture decreases as the temperature drops. Moreover, water vapor residing there is mostly “supercooled” — meaning that it remains in the gas or liquid state despite temperatures colder than Antarctica. Why does this moisture not immediately become ice? The answer lies in a process called nucleation.

For water to form ice crystals, it has to have something to freeze onto. This can be a piece of dust, pollen, ash or any other particulate floating around in the upper troposphere. The trouble is that it’s really tough to mix ground-level matter all the way up there. But airplanes can serve that function.

Commercial jetliners fly higher than the peak of Mount Everest, which towers to a whopping 29,035 feet. Their exhaust can spit out aerosols, sulfates, soot, minute amounts of metal, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons and a few other ingredients. It may sound scary, but it’s no cause for alarm; jet fuel is composed mainly of kerosene, which is also a common lighting fluid for household heating systems.

When an airplane races by, the particles in its wake can serve as the nuclei for supercooled water droplets/vapor to condense and freeze upon. Because temperatures can drop below minus-40, it doesn’t take long for a cascade of water molecules to latch on and join the process. Trillions of cloud droplets, about a hundredth of a millimeter across, are formed in a stream behind the airplane. Just like that, a contrail is born.

But that’s not the only thing going on there. We have to remember how airplanes fly! By manipulating the shape of aircraft wings and relying on something called the Bernoulli Principle, engineers have designed aircraft such that they slice through the air and induce a pressure gradient. In other words, the rush of wind generates a pillow of high pressure beneath the plane to suspend it in the air, while low pressure above spawns a miniature “vacuum” and makes it easier for the plane to rise. This “wingtip vortex” of low pressure is ordinarily invisible — but not always.

When air expands in regions of low pressure, it cools, often falling to the dew point and becoming saturated. This will make a visible cloud if the air is moist enough. That’s why contrails don’t have to form behind the engines of airplanes, since the wingtip vortices spin up off the outer edges. If you’ve ever seen a plane take off in fog or rainy weather, you may have noticed little tubes of cloud whirling behind; now you know why.

Some have pointed at what they consider to be “unusual behavior” associated with contrails, making disjointed attempts to link them to weather modification or toxic releases, but they are not supported by the mainstream scientific community and peer-reviewed studies.

To be sure, not all contrails behave the same way. Some spread out, blow away, or quickly disappear, while others remain in place. Straight forward science explains this activity.

Even on a perfectly calm day, the winds way up there are howling. Airplanes fly at the level of the jet stream. On days where the jet stream is above you, you’ll probably notice the contrail clouds quickly streaming off to the east. Yet if the upper-level winds area weak, they may stick around, until eventually dissipating when molecular diffusion takes place. How long they’re visible for is a function of humidity levels as well.

Some claim contrails are the primary instigator of climate change. This is not supported. Even if contrails spread out across the sky, their thin nature is transparent to most incoming and outgoing radiation. While the shadows cast by them has a net cooling effect, it’s negligible — only a fifth of a watt per meter squared less of incoming solar rays. This is the equivalent of trying to warm the inside of your car with a single bulb from a strand of Christmas lights.

Other folks have stated that something about contrails isn’t quite right since they may appear different in color than “normal” clouds. Contrails are in every way, shape, and form, a normal cloud — just a man-made one!

As for their color, we must remember where these clouds live — 37,000 feet or higher. The sun sets later at these altitudes because of Earth’s curvature. While shallow clouds near the ground may appear darkened due to the loss of daylight, contrails and high cirrus clouds can still soak up the sun and glimmer an amber shade for 10 minutes after nightfall. 

They can be a beautiful sight to behold. This is the same reason that the tips of skyscrapers in the city can be bright even after the sun has set on ground-dwellers. At the world’s tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the sun sets on the 160th floor a full five minutes after the lobby.

The science behind contrails is fascinating. Contrails should never be a cause for alarm; after all, folks don’t flip out on chilly days when their breath forms a cloud. If it’s cold enough and the air is still, you might even notice a cloud hanging behind you for several meters. 

Contrails are a unique form of cirrus clouds, and can be an early indicator of approaching weather systems. Conspiracy theories aside, learning the underlying physics supporting their formation can broaden our understanding of the world around us.

The atmosphere puts on beautiful shows for us every day. we just need to know where to look.

Source: washingtonpost.com

Greece May Open GNTO Branch in Melbourne

Source: news.gtp.gr

 

Greek Tourism Minister Elena Kountoura with the President of the Greek Community of Melbourne, Bill Papastergiadis. They are accompanied by SYRIZA MP Chrysoula Katsavria - Sioropoulou and member of the Special Permanent Committee of Hellenism of the Diaspora (L) and the Secretary General of Tourism Evridiki Kourneta.

By Nikos Krinis

Greece is seeking to boost its presence in the Australian market with targeted promotional actions and the opening of a Greek National Tourism Organization (GNTO) branch in Melbourne, the Tourism Ministry said recently in an announcement.

The issue was discussed last month in Athens, during a meeting between Greek Tourism Minister Elena Kountoura and the President of the Greek Community of Melbourne (GCM), Bill Papastergiadis.

During his meeting with Minister Kountoura, Papastergiadis presented the activities of the Greek Community of Melbourne and highlighted the importance of promoting Greek tourism in Australia through the operation of a GNTO branch there, in a space within the community’s building in Melbourne.

Moreover, Papastergiadis underlined his strong interest in strengthening tourism relations as well as improving the connectivity between the two countries through an enhanced direct air service.

On her part, Kountoura discussed the ministry’s plans to dynamically promote Greece in Australia in order to attract more Australian tourists in the coming years.

The minister also informed Papastergiadis about Greece’s tourism policy that aims to attract tourists 365 days a year and also mentioned the positive course of Greek tourism in 2017.

The two parties also discussed the organization of the Lonsdale Street Greek Festival to be held next February, to which Papastergiadis invited Minister Kountoura to attend.

Papastergiadis’ proposal for the opening of a GNTO branch in the GCM building was also welcomed by Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras.

Moreover, Tsipras was impressed with the activities of the GCM and the Greek-Australian community in general, and expressed the wish to visit Australia next year, during the Lonsdale Street Greek Festival.

During his stay in Athens in July, Papastergiadis also met with Hellenic Republic President Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Culture Minister Lydia Koniordou and leaders of political parties.