Enterprise and Diversity: Greek-Australian Occupational Pursuits, 1810s to Present

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Enterprise and Diversity: Greek-Australian Occupational Pursuits, 1810s to Present

Documentary photographer, Effy Alexakis, and historian, Leonard Janiszewski will present a lecture entitled “Enterprise and Diversity: Greek-Australian Occupational Pursuits, 1810s to Present”, on Thursday 27 April, at the Greek Centre, as a part of the Greek History and Culture Seminars, offered by the Greek Community of Melbourne.

From the late nineteen century until the closing decades of the twentieth century, Greeks played a large part in Australia’s food catering industry.

They continued, nevertheless, to enter a wide variety of diverse occupations. These included: agricultural and pastoral activities, mining, sea-related industries, itinerant work, secondary industries, public life, professional fields, and artistic and sporting avenues.

Moreover, their contribution in some activities proved significant. This lecture reveals, acknowledges and celebrates their complex and broad involvement in Australia’s mainstream development over the last two hundred years.

Documentary photographer, Effy Alexakis, and historian, Leonard Janiszewski, have been researching the Greek-Australian historical and contemporary presence in both Australia and Greece since 1982.

Their project and archives, In Their Own Image: Greek-Australians, encompasses visual, oral and literary material and is based at Macquarie University, Sydney. Their archive is one of the most significant collections in the country on Greek-Australians.

Various national and international touring exhibitions, three major books, over 200 book chapters, articles, conference papers, and three film documentaries have been produced. Of their exhibitions, the most pronounced have been ‘In Their Own Image: Greek-Australians’ and ‘Selling and American Dream: Australia’s Greek Café’. The former was created in partnership with the State Library of NSW and toured throughout Australia as well as Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece; in Athens it was part of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Cultural Festival, ‘Reaching the World’ and in Thessaloniki it was invited as the Australian component of the City’s ‘Cultural Capital of Europe 1997’ program. The latter opened at the National Museum of Australia, Canberra, in 2008, and is still touring.

Alexakis’ photographs are held in both public and private collections in Australia – most significantly in the Australian National Gallery, Canberra, and the State Library of NSW, Sydney. She currently works as a freelance photographer after completing 25 years service as Senior Photographer with Macquarie University. Alexakis has been ranked in the top ten portrait photographers in Australia. In 2001 Janiszewski was awarded the New South Wales History Fellowship to research a history of the ‘Greek café’.

Both Alexakis and Janiszewski are Research Fellows with the Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations at Macquarie University. Janiszewski is also Curator with the Macquarie University Art Gallery. Alexakis and Janiszewski have served on numerous history and arts committees.



We’d like to thank the following donors: Kon Tsementis-Floudas, Maria Dikaiou in mem. of George H. Asproftas and Michael H. Asproftas, Chris & Angela Fifis, Konstandina Dounis in mem. of her parents Sophia and Theodoros Dounis.

During the course of the year considerable expenses are incurred in staging the seminars. In order to mitigate these costs individuals or organisations are invited to donate against a lecture of their choice. 

You too can donate for one or more seminars and (optionally) let your name or brand be known as a patron of culture to our members, visitors and followers, as well as the broader artistic and cultural community of Melbourne. 


When: Thursday, 27 April 2017, 7:00pm

Where: Greek Centre, (Mezzanine, 168 Lonsdale Street, Melbourne)

Information: 9662 2722

Level 3, 168 Lonsdale St., Melbourne, Vic. 3000

Phone: +61 3 9662 2722

Email: info@greekcommunity.com.au, 

Website: greekcommunity.com.au


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Διάλεξη για τις επαγγελματικές επιδιώξεις Ελληνοαυστραλών από το 1810 ως σήμερα

Η φωτογράφος Εφη Αλεξάκη και ο ιστορικός Leonard Janiszewski θα παρουσιάσουν την Πέμπτη 27 Απριλίου στο Ελληνικό Κέντρο μια διάλεξη με τίτλο «Επιχειρήσεις και Διαφορετικότητα: Ελληνο-Αυστραλιανές επαγγελματικές επιδιώξεις, από το 1810 ως σήμερα», στο πλαίσιο των Σεμιναρίων Ελληνικής Ιστορίας και Πολιτισμού, που προσφέρονται από την Ελληνική Κοινότητα της Μελβούρνης.

Από τα τέλη του δέκατου ένατου αιώνα μέχρι τις τελευταίες δεκαετίες του εικοστού αιώνα, οι Έλληνες διαδραμάτισαν σημαντικό ρόλο στη βιομηχανία τροφίμων της Αυστραλίας.

Συνέχισαν, ωστόσο, να ασχολούνται σε μια ευρεία ποικιλία διαφορετικών επαγγελμάτων. Μεταξύ αυτών περιλαμβάνονται: οι γεωργικές και ποιμαντικές δραστηριότητες, οι μεταλλευτικές βιομηχανίες, οι θαλάσσιες βιομηχανίες, οι πλανόδιες εργασίες, οι δευτερογενείς βιομηχανίες, η δημόσια ζωή, οι επααγλμεατικοί χώροι και οι καλλιτεχνικές ακια αθλητικές δραστηριότητες.

Επιπλέον, η συμβολή τους σε ορισμένες δραστηριότητες αποδείχθηκε σημαντική. Αυτή η διάλεξη αποκαλύπτει, αναγνωρίζει και γιορτάζει την πολύπλοκη και ευρεία συμμετοχή τους στην ανάπτυξη της Αυστραλίας τα τελευταία διακόσια χρόνια.

Η φωτογράφος Effy Alexakis και ο ιστορικός Leonard Janiszewski ερευνούν την ελληνο-αυστραλιανή ιστορική και σύγχρονη παρουσία τόσο στην Αυστραλία όσο και στην Ελλάδα από το 1982. Το έργο και τα αρχεία τους, ‘In Their Own Image: Greek-Australians’, περιλαμβάνει οπτικό, προφορικό και λογοτεχνικό υλικό και εδρεύει στο Πανεπιστήμιο Macquarie του Σίδνεϊ. Το αρχείο τους είναι μία από τις σημαντικότερες συλλογές στη χώρα για τους Έλληνο-Αυστραλούς. Πραγματοποιήθηκαν διάφορες εθνικές και διεθνείς περιοδεύουσες εκθέσεις, τρία μεγάλα βιβλία, πάνω από 200 κεφάλαια βιβλίων, άρθρα, άρθρα συνεδρίων και τρία ντοκιμαντέρ. Τόσο η Αλεξάκη όσο και ο Janiszewski είναι ερευνητές στο Τμήμα Σύγχρονης Ιστορίας, Πολιτικής και Διεθνών Σχέσεων του Πανεπιστημίου Macquarie. Ο Janiszewski είναι επίσης επιμελητής της γκαλερί τέχνης του Πανεπιστημίου Macquarie. Η Αλεξάκη και ο Janiszewski έχουν υπηρετήσει σε πολυάριθμες επιτροπές ιστορίας και τέχνης.



Πότε: Πέμπτη, 27 Απριλίου 2017, 7:00μμ

Πού: Ελληνικό Κέντρο, (Mezzanine, 168 Lonsdale Street, Melbourne)

Πληροφορίες: 9662 2722

Level 3, 168 Lonsdale St., Melbourne, Vic. 3000

Phone: +61 3 9662 2722

Email: info@greekcommunity.com.au, 

Website: greekcommunity.com.au

40 Aristotle’s Quotes That Will Make You Think And Can Change Your Life

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. At eighteen, he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). 

His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great starting from 343 BC.
40 Aristotle’s Quotes That Will Make You Think And Can Change Your Life

Teaching Alexander the Great gave Aristotle many opportunities and an abundance of supplies. He established a library in the Lyceum which aided in the production of many of his hundreds of books. 

The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato’s death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. 

He believed all peoples’ concepts and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception. Aristotle’s views on natural sciences represent the groundwork underlying many of his works.

Aristotle’s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended into the Renaissance and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. 

Some of Aristotle’s zoological observations, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were not confirmed or refuted until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic.

In metaphysics, Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophical and theological thought during the Middle Ages and continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church.
These are, in my opinion, some of his most important quotes.

1) “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”

2) “It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.” (Metaphysics)
3) “No great mind has ever existed without a touch of madness.”
4) “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.”                    5) “Excellence is never an accident. It is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, and intelligent execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives – choice, not chance, determines your destiny.”

6) “To avoid criticism say nothing, do nothing, be nothing.”
7) “It is not enough to win a war; it is more important to organize the peace.”
8) “Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.”
9) “I have gained this by philosophy … I do without being ordered what some are constrained to do by their fear of the law.”
10) “To write well, express yourself like the common people, but think like a wise man.”
11) “What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.”
12) “Hope is a waking dream.”
13) “Happiness depends upon ourselves.”
14) “Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.”
15) “Anybody can become angry — that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way — that is not within everybody’s power and is not easy.” 
16) “A friend to all is a friend to none.”
17) “Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.”
18) “The educated differ from the uneducated as much as the living differ from the dead.”
19) “He who has overcome his fears will truly be free.”
20) “Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.”
21) “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies, for the hardest victory is over self.”
22) “The antidote for fifty enemies is one friend.”
23) “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.”
24) “The high-minded man must care more for the truth than for what people think.”
25) “All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.” (Selected Works)
26) “For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.” (The Nicomachean Ethics)
27) “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.”
28) “The energy of the mind is the essence of life.” (The Philosophy of Aristotle)
29) “It is not always the same thing to be a good man and a good citizen.” (Politics)
30) “He who cannot be a good follower cannot be a good leader.”
31) “Man is by nature a social animal; an individual who is unsocial naturally and not accidentally is either beneath our notice or more than human. Society is something that precedes the individual. Anyone who either cannot lead the common life or is so self-sufficient as not to need to, and therefore does not partake of society, is either a beast or a god.” (Politics)
32) “All men by nature desire knowledge.” (On Man in the Universe)
33) “The more you know, the more you know you don’t know.”
34) “All persons ought to endeavor to follow what is right, and not what is established.”
35) “Nature does nothing uselessly.” (Politics)
36) “In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.”
37) “Wise men speak when they have something to say, fools speak because they have to say something”
38) “The only stable state is the one in which all men are equal before the law.”
39) “The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.”
40) “One swallow does not make a summer, neither does one fine day;  similarly one day or brief time of happiness does not make a person entirely happy.” (The Nicomachean Ethics)

17 Of Plato’s Most Famous Quotes That Can Help Us Improve Our Lives

Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece. He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with Socrates and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science.

Plato’s dialogues have been used to teach a range of subjects, including philosophy, logic, ethics, rhetoric, religion and mathematics. His lasting themes include Platonic love, the theory of forms, the five regimes, innate knowledge, among others. His theory of forms launched a unique perspective on abstract objects, and led to a school of thought called Platonism.

I think it will be really useful for all of us to learn more about Platonism, because it includes theories that can help us rethink our social life and improve ourselves. Let’s see some of Plato’s famous quotes….

about wisdom

1) “Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.” 
2) “Do not train a child to learn by force or harshness; but direct them to it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each.”
3) “The soul takes nothing with her to the next world but her education and her culture. At the beginning of the journey to the next world, one’s education and culture can either provide the greatest assistance, or else act as the greatest burden, to the person who has just died.”
4) “An empty vessel makes the loudest sound, so they that have the least wit are the greatest babblers.”
…about love

5) “Love is a serious mental disease.” (Phaedrus)
…about people and their behavior

6) “Never discourage anyone…who continually makes progress, no matter how slow.”
7) “Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge.”
8) “There are two things a person should never be angry at, what they can help, and what they cannot.”
9) “There are three classes of men; lovers of wisdom, lovers of honor, and lovers of gain.”
10) “People are like dirt. They can either nourish you and help you grow as a person or they can stunt your growth and make you wilt and die.”
11) “The greatest wealth is to live content with little.”
12) “Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder”
…about politics, laws and war

13) “Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws”
14) “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.”
15) “A hero is born among a hundred, a wise man is found among a thousand, but an accomplished one might not be found even among a hundred thousand men. ”
16) “Only the dead have seen the end of war.”
17) “One of the penalties of refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.”

Socrates Was One Of The Smartest People Who Ever Lived

Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Plato’s dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.

Through his portrayal in Plato’s dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions is asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. 

Plato’s Socrates also made important and lasting contributions to the field of epistemology, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains a strong foundation for much western philosophy that followed.
Let us remember his wisdom by reading 24 famous quotes of his:

1) “The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” 
2) “The unexamined life is not worth living.”
3) “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”
4) “I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them think”
5) “Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.”
6) “Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people.”
7) “By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher.”
8) “He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have.”
9) “If you don’t get what you want, you suffer; if you get what you don’t want, you suffer; even when you get exactly what you want, you still suffer because you can’t hold on to it forever. Your mind is your predicament. It wants to be free of change. Free of pain, free of the obligations of life and death. But change is law and no amount of pretending will alter that reality.”
10) “Sometimes you put walls up not to keep people out, but to see who cares enough to break them down.”
11) “Wonder is the beginning of wisdom.”
12) “To find yourself, think for yourself.”
13) “Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.”
14) “Know thyself.”
15) “Let him who would move the world first move himself.”
16) “The secret of happiness, you see, is not found in seeking more, but in developing the capacity to enjoy less.”
17) “The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new.”
18) “I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world.”
19) “Prefer knowledge to wealth, for the one is transitory, the other perpetual.”
20) “understanding a question is half an answer”
21) “True wisdom comes to each of us when we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves, and the world around us”
22) “He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature.”
23) “To be is to do”
24) “The mind is everything; what you think you become”

The popular Lukumades food truck gets a permanent home in West Melbourne

Greek Doughnuts, Souped Up

When you walk through the orange doors of the tiny Lukumades Greek-doughnut shop opposite Queen Victoria Market, you’ll smell deep-fried dough, melted chocolate and freshly brewed coffee.

“How would you like your balls today?” a member of the crew asks – it’s a drill fans of the Lukumades food truck are familiar with.

The truck’s loyal following (it launched in June last year) is the reason owner Exarhos Sourligas decided to open this West Melbourne storefront.

“Our customers wanted to buy our doughnuts any time, not just at festivals and events. They kept asking us to open a shop and eventually the time was right,” he says.

The colour palate and fit-out of the compact space (designed by Sydney-based Infinite Design) is the first hint Sourligas isn’t a traditionalist.

“My brief to the designer was Greek, but not too Greek,” he says. You won’t see any Santorini blues, or Grecian-inspired art. Similarly, the Greek doughnuts, known as loukoumades, aren’t typical of the version you’ll get in Greece, where they’re served with walnuts and honey syrup.

Sourligas spent two years perfecting his loukoumades recipe, trying out various flavours and toppings, and experimenting with different types of dough to get the right consistency and crunch.

Except for drinks, this is a doughnut-only menu. The Twix Fix comes with melted milk chocolate, crushed Twix, salted caramel and vanilla gelato. Let’s Jam is topped with peanut butter and jam. Oreo Balls come smothered in white chocolate, crushed Oreos and a generous scoop of cookies-and-cream gelato. And Grandma’s Pick is served with sour cherries and vanilla gelato.

You can enjoy your loukoumades inside the shop on a comfy, cushioned bench, or take your tray of golden dumplings to the seats outside in the cobblestone laneway.

83 Peel Street, West Melbourne

Mon to Fri 10am–10pm 

Sat & Sun 10am10pm

A Greek Immigrant Quest for Fire

As the daughter of first generation immigrants from Greece I am The American Dream. Although long lost, the passport photo depicting the wide-eyed look of terror in the eyes of my father will forever be ingrained in my memory. 

He and his seven siblings arrived at Ellis Island from a small remote village on Greece’s Peloponnesus. They took one passport picture; I have to wonder if they were too poor to take eight. Before they arrived in the US they hadn’t ventured beyond the boundaries of Kerkezi, their isolated bucolic village; although only miles from the crystal clear blue picturesque Aegean Sea, my father had never seen an open body of water.

Although they left abject poverty during World War II, their adjustment to American life was not always easy. None of them spoke a word of English. Unable to assimilate to the drastic lifestyle change, my grandmother took her own life just shy of her tenth year living in the U.S.

Growing up, my sisters and I used to gather in my eldest sister’s bed at night as my father told us his “village” stories. We would lie together, mouths agape, eyes wide, mesmerized by the harrowing tales of his childhood during the war. 

When we wouldn’t finish our dinner at night, my father would convey to us what hunger felt like by telling us that as a child he would precipitously squeeze on their chickens to see if a premature egg would pop out. He described the eggs as soft, velvety and warm, melting in his mouth like a lighted toasted marshmallow. He would lick each finger clean and pray that these “golden” warm eggs would assuage his atavistic fear of hunger and the persistent rumble of his empty belly.

Our favorite story of all, called “matches”, always began with a prelude of how we (girls) take for granted the smallest necessities which were of monumental importance to him as a child. His family cooked their evening meals with matches which required walking miles in the rugged terrain of the Peloponnesus. On one particular quest for fire, after losing a shoe, his journey became punctuated with bouts of pouring rain. 

The streams swelled as he struggled to make it to his destination. Hopping over rocks and ascending slippery slopes he finally arrived; filthy, scraped, cheeks seared red and icy cold; he was indefatigable. Despite bone-chilling cold and exhaustion, he requested the matches with alacrity, carefully placed them in his pocket, and began the long trek back to his village. As he reached the last 500 yards, one of the streams had swelled and widened. He furiously tried to hop across but slipped on the last green, mossy rock and fell into the water, soaking the box of matches. 

He hobbled home, filthy, exhausted, and with his one-shoed foot, he wept and lamented the fact that his family would not have a warm meal for days. In his primordial quest for fire, he failed. We listened, gobsmacked.

My father was 12 years old when he arrived in the US; he swept floors at the local grocer and was eventually promoted to produce manager. He continued odd jobs to put himself through UC Berkeley, all the while sending money to his father who worked as a priest in Colorado. It was not always easy, his siblings were discomfited when other children hurled pejorative epithets of their family’s “weird” traditions. They were teased, they were bullied, but they remained grateful and proud to grow up Greek-American. 

My father ended up with 3 post graduate degrees, one of them a Ph.D., he eventually wrote a book about his family’s traumatic emigration to America. Despite coming from poverty, starvation, and neglect, they were optimistic for a better future in what they would forever refer to as “the greatest country.” My father returned to Greece in his late twenties and married my mother, a child bride of 19. She was not formally educated but successfully ran her own business, out-earning my father. We lived in a nice home, we took vacations, and college tuition was paid for. They had achieved The American Dream.

Even as a young child, the great disparity between our idyllic childhood and his tumultuous was difficult for me to reconcile. My father’s stories gave me a unique sense of gratitude just to be American; ensconced in a life that was literally and figuratively thousands of miles away from his. Coming to America was not a choice for my father’s family; it was a means of survival.

Freedom and opportunity, however, did come at a price. As months, years, and decades passed, the colorful fabric that made up their cultural traditions slowly began to fade to soft pastel shades; they all yearned for that part of them that died when they embarked on that long journey across the ocean. My mother always told me that there is no greater heartbreak than that of being torn between the love of two countries.

As I see the refugee crisis in Syria, I wonder about the pernicious effect our collective attitudes about immigrants have had on us as Americans. Have we become so desensitized and engrossed by the political discourse that we are more concerned with which party is right or wrong than whether these people live or die? Most of all, I wonder how, seventy years later, unlike my Fathers generation, the immigrants of today have no hope for a better future in “the greatest country.”

When I see the wide-eyed terror in the eyes of these children, I cannot look away because in their eyes I see a part of my very own history. As Americans, we bear the burden of being “The Shining City” on the hill. We are bestowed with the greatest responsibility— because we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights. My hope is that as Americans, we work together, both at home and abroad, to bestow these immutable basic human rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness to all of those wide-eyed children in need across the globe.

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